Relay Driver - Finished

by Ivan Hamilton 5/5/2009 12:45:00 PM

As briefly mentioned before, I need a way to take the CNC4PC C10 breakout board's output signal (5V@24μA) and switch higher currents and voltages. After the 4 pairs of step & direction signals, the C10 board still has another 4 outputs (spindle, coolant, etc). CNC4PC do sell the C15 (a nice opto-isolated dual relay board). I should just buy two of these (they're quite reasonably priced), but this is about the journey, not the destination.  

In pursuing modularisation I think that opto-isolation belongs on separate modules, so my quad relay board won't have it. All that's required is a few transistors to step up the current, some relays capable of 240V@10A, LEDs for diagnostics and supporting passives (current limiting resistors and fly-back diodes).

With the new X axis coupling, the board drilled and milled without losing position. The only issue was the double-sided tape holding the board down gave up during the final board shape routing (hence the lack of squareness). The isolation ran at 60mm/min and took about 30 minutes to run (I really need to find a way to get 30,000rpm instead of 1200rpm).

To make it easier to place the components, I printed the overlay on paper and stuck it on top of the PCB (using a needle to pierce the lead holes). The Ø1.2mm pads on the diodes & resistors were a challenge to solder (it was very easy to bridge across the milled 0.2mm isolation channels). In the future, for manually soldered boards, I should make both the pads and the channels larger (the board design didn't need such small pads -  Ø1.5mm should be fine).

If you're interested in the tool-chain: Altium Designer for Schematic & PCB layout, CopperCAM for Gerber to GCode, Mach3 for Milling.

PCB design

Milled & Soldered PCB

The top overlay and components


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CNC | Electronics

Z Axis Demo - X Axis Coupling

by Ivan Hamilton 5/4/2009 2:20:00 PM

I got a little carried away with one of the couplers I'd made for the X axis, and it broke. I managed to jury rig it, but a few jobs I've tried recently have lost X registration. I initially thought it was a backlash issue, or lost steps due to electronic interferance, but the simplest answer is often correct. The broken coupler was most probably slipping...

I needed to make a Z axis coupler, so I thought I'd do a new X at the same time. Here's a quick look at it in action, and also a demo of the new panel.


Currently rated 1.9 by 61 people

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Name of author Ivan Hamilton
"My inner nerd can beat up your inner nerd."

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